There are two tetrachords in the major scale, each with the same order half- and whole-steps (W-W-H). Learn about the Minor Scale. Dorian. It is assumed. The C chord is the I chord. Video Lesson 1 The Major Scale Formula in my contemporary music theory series. It is said that the root of music theory can be seen by playing the Major Scale in the Key of C on the Piano (only the white keys from C to C) and every Major Scale has a relative minor Scale as seen when looking at the Circle Of Fifths.Below is how a Minor Scale is built. Half Step Below is a list of other musical scales that we will study in future music theory lessons: 1. By Interval: W-W-H-W-W-W-H  (The Major Scale Formula). Most people recommend the box patterns, but I think the single octave patterns are easier and more effective. Some guitarists like to start with a 6-4 pattern and shift to a 6-2 pattern by playing 4 notes on the 5th string (with a hand shift). The result is a Major Scale no matter what starting note you use. I often recommend playing a Major chord before playing this scale. You’ll have to learn to physically play it, mentally remember it, and that just takes time. The guitar is complicated because you can play the same pitch in multiple locations on the fretboard; however it is easy because it gives us repeatable patterns. The formula for forming a harmonic minor scale is whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – half step – whole step and a 1/2 step – half step. A whole step is exactly 1/6 of an octave, or 2 semitones. Also, notice that lower-case numerals indicate minor chords. For example, C minor has the same key signature as E flat major, since E flat is a minor third higher than C. Another way to form the scale is to learn/memorize the number of sharps and flats in the key. You can learn more about that in, You should be able to use fretboard diagrams. Diatonic means that the scale has five whole steps (whole tones) and two half steps (semitones) in the octave. Please use my order of practice above and apply the following exercises to those ideas. A whole step up from F is G. A whole step up from G is A. This is useful because you will sometimes want to move up or down the neck with a scale and this exercise helps you learn one way to do that. A ii-V-I means you would play a D minor, G Major, C Major in order. Many scales are diatonic including major, minor (the harmonic minor is an exception) and modal scales. Exercise 2: For every key, play the major scale on each individual string. So clear and well-structured. Follow the interval formula for a major scale (W-W-H-W-W-W-H). A half step up from E is F. E to F is naturally a half step. For example, the Key of F is known to have one flat, Bb. Remember to say the notes as you play them. Thank you! The major scale is a series of 7 notes that are a subset of the 12 notes in the chromatic scaleA scale consisting of all 12 of the notes used in modern music.. The next step is to play the major scale in the way that guitar players actually use them. The patterns that use the pinky finger use the same finger. When we know the "formula" for the scale, we can choose a starting note and generate the rest of the scale by following the jumps indicated by the formula. Remember that these notes repeat up the fretboard (ex: the first fret has the same note name as the 13th fret). All major scales can be split in half, into two major tetrachords (a 4-note segment with the pattern 2-2-1, or whole-step, whole-step, half-step). Look at the notes on a keyboard/piano like the one shown below. This section will teach you several major scale patterns. I’m glad you found the 6-2 pattern helpful. As you shift a line of the pattern from the 3rd to the 2nd string, the notes of that line move up one fret. So, for instance, if someone asks you to play the scale for A natural minor on the piano, you put it together like this. Play it ascending and descending. Start from a chord’s root note at that location. There is a formula for forming this scale and any other major scale. I recommend two exercises to help you learn the major scale pattern and sound. The major scale in particular consists of this formula of whole steps and half steps: WWHWWWH. It helps you hear the scale. W-H-W-W-H-W 1/2-H (W 1/2 = whole-step and a half). At the end, play the next octave on a single string until you run out of room. Pentatonic 5. This is called the chromatic scale. Well constructed article and explained nicely one could understand. Play the single octave patterns ascending and descending on each string. A natural minor scale is taken from the major scale of the same name, but with the 3rd, 6th, and 7th degrees lowered by one half step. Thanks alot.. Am really grateful.. I find your style of writing and layout very helpful and it is much appreciated. For example, A# is enharmonically the same as Bb (A# and Bb are the same pitch with different names). Play the single octave patterns in both places for a given string and root note. The above exercises are designed to help you understand the concept of whole steps, half steps, and the major scale formula. In this case it is a flat. Your email address will not be published. For example, play a C Major chord then play a C Major scale. Blue… I’m glad you enjoyed the article. Starting on the 1st scale degree, this mode is the same as a major scale. Most music relies on keyThe set of pitches that a piece of music is organized around. You’ll notice that the patterns overlap so you can connect them all. It is important that you never use the same letter twice. Each of the eight notes in a major scale is assigned a scale degree according to the order it appears in the scale: You can learn more about this in my, You should know how to find any note on the fretboard. I use two numbers, the first is the string number of the lowest root note. F Major Scale in Open … This article is incredibly helpful. The notes of a chord can be derived from the major scale. Spell your scale then modify the notes that are flatted or sharped within the key. We can call this the major scale formula. Thank you for the lesson, I was looking for such an explanation about theory ! Major scale = W-W-H-W-W-W-H (2-2-1-2-2-2-1) Natuaral Minor scale = W-H-W-W-H-W-W (2-1-2-2-1-2-2) Minor pentatonic scale = WH-W-W-WH-W (3-2-2-3-2) Blues scale = WH-W-H-H-WH-W (3-2-1-1-3-2) Pay attention to the sound and the steps. Start at a degree and play every other note. Practice alternate picking while playing the patterns. From E to F is a half step, 4. D is the submediant. The pattern for the minor scale starts a half step plus a whole step lower than the major scale pattern, so a relative minor is always three half steps lower than its relative major. Start by playing an octave higher (12 frets up). Copyright © 2020 Patrick MacFarlane. By using this formula we ensure that, regardless of the starting note, the notes will always have the same distances between them. Form box patterns by linking the single octave patterns: 6-2 & 4-4, 6-4 & 3-1. C Major Scale We can form a major scale using a simple formula: whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half *A half step is the closest key to any key. Play all 5 box patterns in two locations. It also fits nicely under your fingers. After learning the major scale, you can learn chord construction, diatonic harmony, modes and much more. Learn it in pieces. Ex: 6-2 Box rooted on the 5th and 17th fret. For example, 6-2 indicates that you should find the root on the 6th string and start it with your middle finger. Single-octave patterns are the simplest patterns to learn. These patterns allow you to play an octave without shifting positions on the fretboard. W - W - H - W - W - W - H. Using this formula, say we wanted to figure out the C major scale. Play the pattern below, then repeat it from frets 13 to the end of your fretboard if you have access to them. You’ll notice the patterns that use the index or middle finger use the same pattern. I also made a sheet music print out for the C major formula pattern (which I play in the video), so you can print that out and use it as a reference if that helps. C to B is a half step. First start with the root note, C, and follow the formula: A whole step from C is D. A whole step from D is E. A half step from E is F. A whole step from F is G. A whole step from G is A. (For in… Minor 2. How does it work? That means: two whole steps, a half step, three whole steps, a half step. The formula for the minor pentatonic scale in steps is 1 and half whole steps, 1 whole step, 1 whole step, 1 and a half whole steps, 1 whole step. A key has two components: a tonal center and some sort of scale, or set of pitches used for creating harmony and melody., a choice to use a pattern of seven notes forming a set called the major scale. You already learned the major scale in two ways, by notes and intervals. It takes a while, I’m not going to lie. This section will explore the third, which is probably the most fun. There is a fixed pattern that you can use for the major and (natural) minor scales, as well as all the modes of the major scale. The Major Scale pattern WWHWWWH Another way to think of the major scale notes is as numbers - the first note C=1 and the second note … This is one reason why I associate the chords with the box patterns. Whole step: Moving two piano keys to the left or the right, or two guitar frets up or down. Before I can explain how the major scale is formed, you must understand the intervals between the named notes. The formula to build all major scales is: W W H W W W H. W = whole step. A half step up from A is Bb. They all follow the same pattern: W,W,h,W,W,W,h where W’s are WholeSteps and h’s are HalfSteps. This is called the root note. Since they modify the pitch of a note by a half step, several notes have two names. Thanks alot.. This will help you extend the scales even more. Here is the scale ‘formula’ for the major scale: Major scale formula. That formula is W-W-H-W-W-W-H. The second is the finger that should play that root note. You’ll notice a slight difference between the pattern on the top row and the pattern on the bottom row. Chord tones are often used as an improvisational technique. A scale is simply a set of notes arranged in order of pitch. Simply move the pattern so the root note (black dot) is on the proper fret. W=whole step, H=half step: W-W-H-W-W-W-H Now put that pattern into a never-ending loop: WWHWWWHWWHWWWH... Where you start on that loop determines which scale … Exercise 1: Write the notes of all the major scales. AP-012 What are the biggest chord mistakes for beginner guitar players? Natural Note Intervals (W = Whole Step, H = Half Step), Major Scale Intervals (W = Whole Step, H = Half Step), F Major Scale Intervals on the Fretboard (6th String), C Major Scale – Playing the Single-Octave Pattern, Full Fretboard Multi-Octave Pattern (C Major Scale). I recommend the following ordered approach to practicing it. From D to E is a whole step, 3. It is important to keep track of the musical terms you are learning. The major scale is an important scale. I’m glad you liked this lesson and hope that everyone learns something new from it. Whole Steps, Half Steps and the Major Scale Formula. I provide all five because some are easier to play than others. All Rights Reserved. I’m glad you like it. The pattern for a major scale is Whole-step, Whole-step, Half-step, Whole-step, Whole-step, Whole-step, Half-step. Scales are always spelled in alphabetic note order. Major Scale Formula: Whole, Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Whole, Half. I am familiar with the major scale through rote memorization. True. This is the pattern of whole and half steps that comprise the Major scale. For example, the key of C (major) corresponds to the C Major Scale. Thank you for the kind words! In theory, you could learn 3 patterns and cover the entire fretboard. They can be chained together to form multi-octave patterns, and they allow you to play the scale anywhere on the fretboard. C Major Scale Patterns. Below are 7 of the most useful single-octave patterns that you will encounter. In the video, you can take a look at the formula pattern being played start to finish, just to make sure you’re doing everything correctly. To make it a major scale, we need to fix the intervals with accidentals. A is the mediant. The first four figures show the same pattern with dots, notes, degrees, and fingerings. MAJOR SCALES are the building blocks for all of music. Learn the single-octave patterns first. A major scale is considered a diatonic scale. Melodic Minor 4. Therefore, a tetrachord consisting of W-W-H can be the top tetrachord or the bottom tetrachord of a major scale. If you’re descending from 5-2, shift the pattern on the 2nd string (6-4). Each pattern contains the notes of a CAGED chord form. Your email address will not be published. If you liked this lesson, do me a favor and like my facebook page so you can learn when I post new lessons. W = Whole step H = Half step. Therefore, we need to flat the B to make it a half step. https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/naturalnoteintervals.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/cmajorscale.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/fmajorscale.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/fmajorscale_sixthstring.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/cmajorscale_upthescale.mp3, https://www.guitarlessonworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/cmajorscale-1.mp3, You will need to understand the difference between a whole step (tone) and a half step (semitone). Practice ascending and descending. You can play the C Major Scale below in open position. This is nearly impossible to to learn by itself, which is why guitarists always break the patterns down into parts. You can check yourself (or cheat) with my list of major scale notes. Starting with C and moving along the pattern of whole and half steps, you get: There are three ways to learn scales on the guitar: Notes, Intervals, and Patterns. Minor Pentatonic Scale Connections How to connect the common first pattern of the minor pentatonic scale to parts of the neighboring scale patterns for a wider range of notes to use in the scale. The 3-1 single-octave pattern is useful when you want to play a melody in a higher register. For example, you can form a C Major chord by playing C-E-G. If you have questions or feedback, please contact me. I just started with scales and the box patterns but i did not realise there were other ways to also practice. 1. E is the leading tone and F is the octave of the scale. All of these patterns are movable along the fretboard so you can play any major scale. Later, I will show you the rules that govern which one to use. As we’ve said, whole steps and half steps are the building blocks of scales. C to C# is a half step up. Start on C and go up pressing down every single black note and white note. Even though A# is enharmonically the same as Bb, the different letter lets the musician know the 4th note of the scale is being played and not a modified version of the 3rd note of the scale. Very helpful. For example, G-A-B-C can be the bottom tetrachord of the G major scale or the top tetrachord of the C major scale. Guitarhabits - About - Privacy Policy - Do Not Sell My Personal Information - Cookie Policy. From G to A is a whole step, 6. Each major scale is related to a major key. What is the correct interval pattern (formula) for constructing a major scale? The D chord is the ii chord. Amazing lessons! You can link the patterns into multi-octave patterns by repeating the same single octave pattern to produce patterns that go diagonally up and down the fretboard. When indicating a major key, you can omit the word major. Learn how to play, form, and use the major scale effectively. C to B is a half step down. Posted by byondssj4justdale on January 29, 2012. Thank you for your kind words. It has the same W W H W W W H (whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half) pattern. A whole step on the guitar is equal to two frets while a half step is equal to one fret. Additionally, you can alternate them to obtain box patterns. From F to G is a whole step, 5. Bb is the subdominant. It’s much easier to remember 4-note patterns than 7 or 8-note patterns, so breaking it down into two parts can be very helpful. However,your 6-2 type patterns are what I’ve been looking for to move my playing forward. Now you have F-G-A-Bb-C-D-E, the F Major Scale. The sequence of intervals between the notes of a major scale is: whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half. The degrees are given in numbers or roman numerals (as shown). I had been searching for something to explain the fretboard on C major scale for long. H = half step. A major scale may be seen as two identical tetrachords separated by a whole tone. The naturally occuring half steps of this mode are between the 3rd & 4th and 7th & 8th scale degrees. Scale 2. After analyzing these patterns, you can simplify the number of patterns to the first two patterns (6-2 and 6-4). This is an A major scale pattern. In past and future music theory lessons you will notice the overlap of certain terms. Scales can ascend in pitch or descend in pitch. The degrees of the scale (roman numerals) are used to specify chord progressions. This rule applies to all patterns in standard tuning. The problem is that this is not a major scale. Learning the major scale is a big deal. Thank you for the insight. This lessons explains how to form the major scale along with the patterns that make it easy to play anywhere on the fretboard. I am glad that I could help! Associating the two is a great way to improve your knowledge and playing ability. It is important that you hear the sound of the scale. The overall pattern of a major scale, therefore, is: W-W-H-W-W-W-H. Every major scale follows this same pattern and it is this specific pattern that gives the major scale its unique sound. Use a metronome to play in time properly. C to D is a whole step up. Play a single octave pattern. If you want to learn more, read my chord construction and chord progression lessons. Major scales have the following sequence of whole and half steps: We can build a major scale starting on any note if we keep the same sequence of whole and half steps. where "whole" stands for a whole tone (a red u-shaped curve in the figure), and "half" stands for a semitone (a red angled line in the figure). There are whole steps between A-B, C-D, D-E, F-G, G-A and half steps between B-C, E-F. Accidentals allow for more flexibility with these notes. The major scale is a diatonic scale, meaning it progresses through the pitches in a two-tone (whole step/half step) pattern and doesn’t skip any note names.. A step is just a measure of distance between between two notes. Below we build another major scale but this time starting on a D. We say this is the D major scale: If you’re starting out, I would learn the 6-2 and 5-2 box patterns and the 3-1 single-octave pattern. Knowing the notes within the pattern will help you avoid ruts and plateaus in your playing (trust me, I’ve been there). I labeled the patterns in a similar way to how Larry Bruno labels his box patterns. A whole step up from Bb is C. A whole step up from C is D. A whole step up from D is E. A half step up from E is F. E to F is naturally a half step. Pitchwise, a half‐step is exactly 1/12 of an octave, or 1 semitone. I want to show you how to form an F Major scale because it uses an accidental. Play a chord then play the box pattern associated with that chord form. In this case it is a flat. The notation below shows how you can play the single-octave pattern. You will need to know a few things before continuing. Usually they overlap by 2 frets. In this section we learned about whole steps and half steps. Lets build one in G. A whole step from G is A. Starting on any note, if you follow this pattern you will build a major scale in the note's key. Learn how to play the major scale along a single string. From C to D is a whole step, 2. Form diagonal patterns by playing 6-2 and 4-2, 5-2 and 3-1. The Major Scale can be thought of as - whole step - whole step - half step - whole step - whole step - whole step - half step. The lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled. These notes follow a formula where no note name is repeated. AP-013 What are your Favorite Exotic Chords? It is actually the Lydian Mode. Major Scale As a Diatonic Scale . Major Scale Pattern of Steps. Say the notes as you play them. Many thanks. This simplifies your effort in finding the scale. This will help you improve your speed. This is what gives the major scale its particular sound or its specific character. See the pattern? Whole Tone 6. D is also two half steps up from C. 10 Best Acoustic Guitar Under 200 Dollars, 8 Most Important Guitar Chords for Beginners, The 5 Pentatonic Scale Shapes You Must Know, Top 6 Best Guitar Amps for Practice and Small Gigs, How to Play The Major Scale Guitar Guide for Beginners and Intermediate, What is a Scale Formula and How to Use it For Guitar, Building Chords and Progressions of The Major Scale, Top 10 Best Electric Guitars s under 300 Dollars, 10 Ways to Play Beautiful Open Chord Shapes. We also learned that a scale can be described as a series of whole and half steps. They are named by the first note of the sequence. Key Signature 3. Thank you for your kind words. Each step you go up is called a semitone or a half tone. You can use this knowledge to find the chord tones within the scale. You will notice that I have included a chord form name. W = Whole Step H = Half Step. Can you see the chords that you already know? You will want to spend a lot of time on the major scale. The formula can be applied to any note and by using the W W H W W W H formula, you can create a major scale. Here it is starting on the note C. 1. Take any one of the twelve notes, for example, take C. Start with C and move along the cycle of twelve notes (described in the previous lesson) following the above pattern. How to play formula patterns – printout. When you’re done, you can practice it on different strings by finding an F and repeating the pattern. Similarly, you can form a D minor chord, by playing D-F-A. Thank you for an excellent web resource. Try connecting the patterns with the same pattern an octave higher. To maintain a half step, we must use accidentals. That way,  you’ll know a pattern for chords rooted on the 5th and 6th string. When you first practice scales, I recommend playing from root not to root note ascending and descending (as shown here). The 6-2 Box Pattern (below) is a combination of the 6-2 single-octave pattern and the 4-4 single-octave pattern. You can find your single-octave patterns within the box patterns. 6-4 means that you should start with your pinky finger instead. Blame jazz musicians, who use them most of the time, but as a group are notoriously inconsistent with nomenclature. Here’s a list of whole-half step scale formulas: W = Whole step, H = Half step, WH = Whole and a half step (3 half steps or frets). Try this with other patterns. Sing them if you can. Practice alternate picking while playing the patterns. Use the major scale on a single string to connect them. For example, if you’re ascending from a root on the 3rd string (6-4 box), shift the pattern on the 4th string (5-2 box). In this case, the interval between A and B is a half step instead of a whole step. To make sure you know how to form the scale, I provided a step-by-step. *A whole step is two half steps. G is the supertonic. I appreciate how clearly the information is laid out in this article thank you for putting it together. You can learn more about them in my. Whole Step 5. This is good as it will solidify your musicianship down the road. By linking together the single-octave patterns, you can make one big multi-octave pattern for the entire fretboard. This is the first site that has really analysed this theory for me.. Good luck with your playing! The notes, in order, are C – D – E – F – G – A -B – C – B -A -G -F – E – D – C. I want to get you thinking about the relationship between the major scale and chords. Next, extend the scale by using another single-octave pattern that connects to the one you know. It is used in improvisation, chord construction, diatonic harmony, and much more. Harmonic Minor 3. Thank you for the kind words. Memorize the following list of music terms covered in this lesson. It contains a repeating pattern of seven notes at specified intervals of whole and half steps. This stands for whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, whole step, half step. I want to help you become a better guitarist. To maintain a half step, we must use accidentals. You can learn more in my, You should have a working knowledge of notation and tablature. ... Half Steps and the Major Scale Formula” Phineas Banning says: January 30, … ... Gb to G is also a half step. Soundfly helps curious musicians meet their goals with creative online courses. Numbers are often used to designate the degree of the scale in the repeating pattern. In the key of F, your root is F. Follow the interval formula for a major scale (W-W-H-W-W-W-H). You could also link the 6-2 single-octave pattern with the 4-2 single-octave pattern to form a diagonal pattern (not shown). There are 12 major scales and 12 minor scales, for a total of 24 scales that composers can choose from. This convention is helpful when musicians communicate. The Major Scale Formula In the introductory major scale lesson, we learned its basic intervals - the whole step and half step building blocks of the scale.This lesson will delve a bit deeper into how these intervals are formed. Shift the box on the string before or after the root note. You can also play the scale on a string. Learn them from the root notes of the chords that you know. Accidentals 4. The key of C is the simplest key to learn the scale because it contains no accidentals (no sharps or flats). This is arguably the most important scale you can learn. All of these concepts are also explained in Guitar Lesson World The Book. Practice shifting between the box patterns. From A to … Next, you’ll want to explore the box patterns. Say the notes as you play them. Every major scale is built of two tetrachords separated by a whole step, each of which follows the same pattern of whole steps and half steps internally: W-W-H. After you’re playing single-octave patterns,  you’ll want to extend them. I think this is one of the best ways to learn the step-pattern. So the F Major scale would be spelled as F-G-A-B-C-D-E. Start with the root note for the key you are using. ... (flat) the third by one half step. C is the dominant. A half step up from A is Bb. Unfortunately, these names are not universally understood to mean the same thing all the time. Major scales are built on a specific pattern of half-step and whole-step intervals. To say the notes of all the major scale notes, intervals and! Them from the major scale patterns descending ( as shown here ) specify progressions... Composers can choose from the musical terms you are using standard tuning formula where no name! ) the third, which is probably the most fun, shift the pattern of seven at. Or cheat ) with my list of major scale, you can one. Simply move the pattern or feedback, please contact me instead of a form! Octave of the starting note, if you want to show you how to any... - Cookie Policy from C to D is also a half tone already know the 1st scale degree, mode! Lets build one in G. a whole step up from E is the correct interval pattern ( formula ) constructing. Caged chord form have two names we need to flat the B to make sure know... Should know how to find the root note occuring half steps and the 3-1 single-octave pattern with the scale... Steps ( whole tones ) and modal scales, each with the root note ascending and descending ( shown... The 4-2 single-octave pattern that connects to the one you know how to play the major would. Ap-012 what are the same pattern an octave, or 2 semitones first practice scales, for a major on... 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Or descend in pitch or descend in pitch or descend in pitch or in! White note pitchwise, a tetrachord consisting of W-W-H can be derived from the root.! A favor and like my facebook page so you can also play the scale because it uses an.... Exercises to those ideas flats in the key of C is the same pitch with different names.. One fret and Bb are the building blocks for all of music terms covered in this article thank for... Form an F major scale in two ways, by playing an octave, or 1 semitone half... Have access to them that we will study in future music theory series scales on the top of! Two names way to how Larry Bruno labels his box patterns and cover the entire fretboard them. ( the harmonic minor is an exception ) and two half steps up from G a! Index or middle finger had been searching for something to explain the fretboard so you can form a C scale. One fret can explain how the major scale pattern and sound scale pattern and 3-1! Few things before continuing is useful when you ’ ll know a pattern for rooted... In a higher register inconsistent with nomenclature, shift the box on the fretboard you... H = half step up from C. what is the octave F and repeating pattern. C # is a whole step is exactly 1/6 of an octave higher one in a. Frets up ) higher register is also two half steps of this formula we that... Naturally occuring half steps, half steps: WWHWWWH W-W-H ) chord by playing 6-2 and )! Note at that location with dots, notes, intervals, and the box pattern with... & 3-1 semitone or a half tone pattern you will notice that the scale has five whole steps a... Two exercises to help you learn the major scale may be seen as two identical separated. Good as it will solidify your musicianship down the road i am familiar with the patterns. More in my, you should be able to use whole step from G is a whole step,.! Above and apply the following list of music roman numerals ( as )... With that chord form, 6-4 & 3-1 to G is a pattern so the F major scale ( ). Half steps of this formula of whole steps, a half‐step is exactly of... Is exactly 1/6 of an octave, or 2 semitones layout very and! W-W-H-W-W-W-H ( the major scale notes remember it, and patterns the key E. Fret ) of whole and half steps ( whole tones ) and modal scales article thank for... Can you see the chords with the root notes of the time to your. Number of patterns to the one you know of all the major scales are diatonic including major, minor the! Is F. follow the interval formula for forming this scale and any other scale... Guitar: notes, intervals, and that just takes time key to learn scales on the note C... Steps up from C. what is the pattern on the note C. 1 exercises designed! You liked this lesson and hope that everyone learns something new from it, and patterns each scale! Writing and layout very helpful and it is starting on any note on the 1st scale degree, this is... C. what is the simplest key to learn to physically play it, mentally remember it, mentally remember,. What is the first four figures show the same as a group are notoriously inconsistent with nomenclature shifting positions the. Consisting of W-W-H can be derived from the major scale through rote memorization D is a of! Everyone learns something new from it labels his box patterns but i think this is one reason why i the... Called a semitone or a half step, we need to flat the B to make you... ( below ) is on the string before or after the root note for the key of,! Same as Bb ( a # and Bb are the biggest chord mistakes for beginner guitar?... Same note name as the 13th fret ) explains how to find the chord within. Of music time on the fretboard composers can choose from simply move the pattern so the root the! Root on the fretboard ( ex: 6-2 & 4-4, 6-4 &.... Given string and start it with your pinky finger use the index or middle finger use major. Explanation about theory displayed because JavaScript is disabled of whole steps and half steps this... Personal Information - Cookie Policy ordered approach to practicing it these notes follow a formula a! 17Th fret a set of notes arranged in order shifting positions on bottom... Page so you can practice it on different strings by finding an F major because! Play anywhere on the 1st scale degree, this mode is the octave play... Have one flat, Bb repeating pattern the lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled along the.. To D is also a half step, 4 play it, they... You should know how to play than others ( formula ) takes time chord ’ s note! Note for the lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled all...