diameter 2″, bundles of 10 at a price of £6 per bundle. When your hedge is firmly bound, cut the cleft stumps (the stumps from the part of the stem not cut) down to just above ground level and be sure to leave them as clean and tidy as possible, as this is where regrowth is most desired. The hedge-layer then cuts away pleaches, that is the stem towards ground level and arches it over at an angle of 60 degrees, encouraging new shoots to grow straight upwards. It is also the time of the year when many of the materials you’ll need for hedge-laying, such as the hazel and ash for the stakes and bindings that add strength and stability to the hedge, can be easily sourced. As he already has some hazel coppice in the woodland he can create new hazel from what he already has - he doesn't need to buy in plants from a nursery which may be a different strain altogether. Traditionally hazel has been used for making thatching; pegs that would hold the straw or reeds in place, or for making hurdles (wooden screens). Hazel and ash are good woods to use, and you should be able to source stakes from a local woodland worker. These he only cuts three-quarters of the way through so that the stalk can be bent over and laid onto the ground. They should be cut and laid out to one side so that they are available to fill the gap left when the last pleachers of the adjacent section are laid. Hazel is also used for making walking sticks and if it grows too big can be converted into charcoal. Stakes 5 ‘ 6’’ (1.7m) long and should be pointed and squared. Usually hazel rods are used for the stakes .There was a chap in the UK got his PHd from working out how old a hawthorn hedge was by looking at the number of species were living in it .There are some hedges in England now thought to be over a thousand years old. In reality it may also depend on the vicissitudes of management and when the owner gets round to it, but hazel is very forgiving - it just keeps growing and within reason you can adjust what you use it for according to the size it's grown to. Vintage tools, such as those pictured below, can often be a good option. This method uses hazel stakes that are sometimes driven in at a 35-degree slant. Laying the pleachers The first group of pleachers cannot be laid into the standing hedge alongside. I would be interested in planting a hazel coppice with a view to harvesting my own steaks and binders in the future. If there was an article called 'Hedgerow management' they could both belong there. Hedge laying is a seasonal job carried out between October and March when trees and shrubs are dormant, and birds have finished nesting in the hedges. round or cleft chestnut posts. In reality it may also depend on the vicissitudes of management and when the owner gets … Over the centuries, different areas developed their own distinctive styles of hedgelaying, based on local customs and also on the locally different requirements and available materials. Hope that you enjoy looking around my site at the moment as it is currently being re- built … Yorkshire billhook is the preferred billhook for many professional hedge layers. Stakes are driven in vertically at 18 inch intervals in the centre line of the hedge. A single line of hazel stakes are driven into the centre of the hedge, with the top bound with hazel binders. Hedge laying is a seasonal job carried out between October and March when trees and shrubs are dormant, and birds have finished nesting in the hedges. The Devon style hedge is normally laid on top of a bank. H4a This hedge has also been layed through conservation laying. Welsh Border Again, you can source these from a local woodland worker. M any deciduous woodlands have good growths of hazel coppice: it springs from a single stump or "stool" into long, straight rods which can be cut every 10-15 years and the length of the rotation will depend on what the stems are to be used for. For general information on hedge laying, see The National Hedge Laying Society website. Iain Loasby is one such manager and he is extending the area of hazel coppice at Furzefield wood near Potters Bar in Hertfordshire. Make sure the pleacher you … This style is faster to do than traditional hedge laying styles. -Arch dude 02:27, 25 December 2007 (UTC) I disagree. Iain processes the hazel into wood products which are useful for gardeners, hedge-layers and barbecuers: you can see his website here: Posted in: Woodland Activities ~ On: 14 March, 2016, We'll email you when we publish a new article, A new book on encouraging biodiversity in your woodland. By entering your details, you are agreeing to Gardens Illustrated terms and conditions and privacy policy. The ‘hedge’ was really a line of overgrown hazel stools alongside a narrow lane, with a steep slope on one side and a sharp drop into a brook on the roadside. Iain uses the hazel rods that he harvests to make poles, hurdles and for pea-sticks. The end of the stalk is now about 7-10 metres away from the stool in a place where Iain wants to establish a new Hazel stool. First you need to remove the lower side branches from each stem, ideally using a pair of loppers (see right). We supply all the stakes and the binders, and there’s lots of hazel for binding and chestnut for stakes down in Sussex. A few years back I attended a hedge laying course and have been doing some hedge laying every year since. This hedge has already been cleared of brambles. Once the stakes are in place, any remaining branches, known as brash, are woven between the bent-over pleachers to give structure, thickness and sturdiness to the finished hedge. Hazel hurdles (traditional riven hazel hurdles) Willow hurdles (different styles of weave) Gate hurdles in chestnut, ash or willow. Tel: 01530 222934 Kent pattern billhook has a deeper blade than the Berkshire pattern, with a short nose that is useful for working at the bottom of a hedge. Devon So how does he do it? Once laid, a hedge simply needs regular trimming to keep it in good order for decades – far longer than a wooden fence and infinitely more beautiful. Often hazel is preferred 1’ – 2’ inch (25- 50mm ) diameter. The hedge is cut close to the ground with plenty of thickness of material along the bottom; new shoots will grow from the already established root system. Hedge laying is a perfect skill to couple with natural fencing due to the sustainability of the two. Although a well-laid hedge looks beautiful, the original aim was to create a fence to stop sheep, cattle and other stock from straying. Styles of hedges vary across the country (see below), but the principles of hedge-laying remain the same. As with any tool, the feel of it in your hand is important, so it is worth finding a good tool supplier with a range you can try out for yourself. The Somerset style uses a row ofstakes that are driven in alternately on either side of the hedge. Traditionally, most hedge layers use a billhook for cutting through stems and branches. Lots of background information about hedgerows - their history, conservation value and the law. The uprights are often bound together by such things as hazel whips woven around the tops of the stakes. Follow our guide on how to lay a hedge and learn about the traditional ways to lay a hedge. A few long, thin binders are then bound between the stakes. These stakes need to be sturdy enough for you to hammer in, around 40-50mm thick, and cut to a length of around 1.6m. The binders are woven along the top for maximum strength and the ends wedged behind the stakes. Berkshire, or Moss pattern, billhook is smaller than the Yorkshire pattern, and offers a well-balanced blade and handle that is easy to use. Diversity of species within the hedge is best for ensuring longevity and attracting biodiversity. South of England Whilst laying the hedge the hedge layer bangs in stakes (often made from coppiced hazel) at 18 inch intervals along the line of the hedge. This art has been pursued and perfected, resulting in Tim winning the National Trust hedge laying competition six times. Dead wood is used to protect the regrowth from being browsed by stock. The pleachers are laid … This will allow light to reach the base of the hedge and encourage new growth, ensuring that the hedge thickens. Hazel & willow rods in various sizes. The Yorkshire style creates a very thin hedge. We can supply hazel stakes and binders. ... Stakes & binders for hedge laying. Over the centuries, different parts of the UK developed their own distinctive styles of hedge laying, all based on the same basic theory: Midland style. It's a different thing. Blog powered by WordPress, Woods for sale for conservation and enjoyment, Laying Hazel to grow new hazel coppice stools, http://www.cotswoldtv.com/feature_player_fftv.php?id=304. Hedge laying styles vary from County to County Text books prefer the ‘Midlands’ style where the liggers are laid to a 45 degree angle, posts are driven in a line down the middle of the hedge, and the top woven with hazel or willow strands. You can unsubscribe at any time. Here are just a few: Yorkshire Some would argue it is the most attractive of the hedge-laying styles. When cutting into the stem (or ‘pleacher’), you need to slice down at an angle just above ground level. Privacy Policy | See more ideas about living fence, willow fence, wattle fence. Now he needs a way of keeping it on the ground so that it doesn't spring up and try to grow vertically again. Hedgelaying (or hedge laying) is a country skill practised mainly in the United Kingdom and Ireland, with many variations in style and technique. Traditional regional styles. Hedge laying is another tremendous skill and as with all of these old traditional crafts, there is so much more to it than meets the eye. Services include woodland management, … It has a square-shaped, doubled-edged head and a short nose (the hook on the end). Hello and thank you for an interesting piece on coppicing. This makes for a denser overall hedge, with no disruption to either the nature corridor or the landscape. We are here for you. Many deciduous woodlands have good growths of hazel coppice: it springs from a single stump or "stool" into long, straight rods which can be cut every 10-15 years and the length of the rotation will depend on what the stems are to be used for. Please discuss. It is generally larger and heavier than many other designs, making it ideal for cutting through bigger stems. Hedgelaying is a way of maintaining a hedge, Quicksetting is establishment. Coppiced hazel (Corylus avellana) has been valued for centuries for the long, straight stems that grow in response to a hard prune. They also create a very attractive top to your hedge. Contact David Maltby, 33 Top Road, Griffydam, Leicestershire LE67 8HU. Brian works at Silk Wood in the Westonbirt Arboretum and in this film you can see him creating a tent peg with a stop-knife and explaining many of the uses of hazel coppice: http://www.cotswoldtv.com/feature_player_fftv.php?id=304. Deadwood is a small environmental company based near Newark, Nottinghamshire. Midland The stakes and binders are produced from coppiced woodland poles, these can be Sweet Chestnut, Hazel, Willow or even Birch. As with most hedge laying, the hedge is always laid uphill. The South of England Style of Hedgelaying has a double edge brush. Small company that has been making billhooks and other tools since the 1800s. Iain coppices a hazel stool which has been growing for 15 years - which means he cuts off each rod at ground level, except two or three of the longer ones. Hazel has distinctive pale yellow fluffy catkins known as lambs tails appear from January to March and hang along the length of the bare twigs, not just at the ends. A hedge laid in the South of England style will cost about £10 to £12 per metre and today, with a chainsaw, a man can do about 30 to 40 metres a day. "When I laid hazel initially I used to dig small trenches for the branches to lie in," explains Iain, "but I found that you don't need to - as long as it's pegged down it will propagate." A combination of distinctive stakes and binders is used. If you're used to buying our magazine from the shops, you can now order and receive the next issue delivered to your home, How designer Erik Funneman maximised space in a small city garden, Win a kitchen planter and grow bag tray container from Forest Garden, The best firewood for wood burning stoves, Design solutions: Retaining walls and plantable structures. It is also the time of the year when many of the materials you’ll need for hedge-laying, such as the hazel and ash for the stakes and bindings that add strength and stability to the hedge, can be easily sourced. French loppers are the perfect tool for removing side branches. Somerset We are here for you. A new article, Quickset hedge appears to be about Hedge laying and should probably be merged here. Fruits, berries, ornamental beauty… In the South of England style the hedge is cut and laid over to create a double brush on both sides. Available free here », © 2020 Woodland Investment Management Ltd | Pruning saws are ideal for cutting down cleft stumps. Today, with local or home-grown products increasingly popular, these provide perfect plant supports for beans and other herbaceous climbers in place of imported bamboo, as well as being used for fencing hurdles. ~ by Angus. This hedge has been layed through conservation laying style. To add strength and stability to your hedge you will need to drive in a series of upright stakes, at intervals of around 50cm, along the whole of its length. Also … This has been the first proper bit of hedge laying I’ve had the chance to do for quite a while, and it’s back at it with a challenge! Learn the art of hedge laying, how to restore neglected hedges, as well as planning and creating a new hedge. Hawthorn is the best species for laying but most common deciduous hedge shrubs such as ash, blackthorn, elm, field maple and hazel are also suitable. Laying a hedge takes a little experience but courses are run by the National Hedgelaying Society. Because you're laying the pleachers/stems at a slight angle to the … The ash tree is not ready for coppicing but the hazel and thorn could be laid to fill the gaps. While initially quite tricky to grasp, it’s a skill that really is a case of practice makes perfect. You can get a taste of the skill involved in hedge-laying at the annual National Hedge Laying Championship, where over 100 competitors enter eight regional styles to become supreme champion. Should never lay the stems completely horizontal as some upward slant is required to the. Hook is a perfect skill to couple with natural fencing due to the Yorkshire pattern with. 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